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Type 4 hair is characterized by tightly coiled curls that have a “Z” pattern, and it is typically the most fragile and prone to breakage. To keep Type 4 hair healthy and nourished, it is important to follow a hair care regime that includes the following steps:
Use a sulfate-free shampoo: Sulfates are a type of surfactant that can be harsh on natural hair, stripping it of its natural oils and causing dryness. Look for a sulfate-free shampoo, which will be gentler on the hair and scalp.
Use a pre-poo treatment: A pre-poo treatment is a product that is applied to the hair before shampooing to help protect it from the drying effects of the shampoo. This can be as simple as applying a oil or conditioner to the hair before shampooing.
Use a deep conditioning treatment: After shampooing, follow up with a deep conditioning treatment to help moisturize and nourish the hair. Look for a product that is rich in natural oils and butters, such as shea butter or coconut oil.
Use a leave-in conditioner: After styling, use a leave-in conditioner to help seal in moisture and protect the hair from damage. Look for a product that is lightweight and easily absorbed by the hair.
Use a satin or silk pillowcase: Sleeping on a satin or silk pillowcase can help reduce friction and breakage, as these materials are smoother and more gentle on the hair than cotton.
Avoid heat styling: Try to limit heat styling as much as possible, as this can cause damage to the hair and lead to dryness and breakage. When heat styling is necessary, be sure to use a heat protectant product and keep the heat on a low setting.
By following these steps, you can help keep your Type 4 hair healthy, moisturized, and strong. With proper care, your natural curls will be able to thrive and look their best.